February 21, 2017

Professor Emeritus Toshihiro Nishiguchi Receives the Shoko Research Institute’s Annual Award for Outstanding Studies on Small Business


Toshihiro Nishiguchi, Professor Emeritus of Hitotsubashi University, has received the Shoko Research Institute’s (SRI) prestigious Annual Award for Outstanding Studies on Small Business. This award is offered to a selection of outstanding books and journal articles that achieve excellence in small-business research.

Professor Nishiguchi’s new book, titled Community Capital: The Prosperity and Limits of China’s Wenzhou Entrepreneurial Networks (in Japanese, Yuhikaku, 2016, 458 pp., coauthored with Professor Motoko Tsujita), has won the Main (as opposed to Next-rank) Prize of the SRI’s Award.

A product of twelve years of research, hundreds of field visits, and more than seven hundred interviews with Wenzhou and other Chinese entrepreneurs in nineteen countries, including China, Japan, Europe, and the United States, this book brings original insight to the institutional and economic development of a community-based entrepreneurial system that has enabled Wenzhou firms to outperform their competitors in key markets of daily goods worldwide.

Based on the principles of imprinted commensurate trust and quasi-ties among them, their distinctive system, analyzed closely in terms of their exclusionary community capital, drives them toward continuous advantage in starting up and growing small, private firms, building their own networks of suppliers and distributors, offering financing, and establishing reliable business norms.

Community Capital reveals the compelling logic behind these relationships, to present a new socioeconomic account for economic organization that has profound implications for future performance of all industrial societies.

This landmark work urges a fundamental rethinking of much received wisdom concerning Chinese competitiveness and is essential reading for serious academics and managers concerned with competing industrial systems.


February 13, 2017

Researcher Profile  Nishiguchi, Toshihiro


Nishiguchi, Toshihiro   Professor Emeritus, Adjunct Professor



Interorganizational relations


E-mail: toshi@iir.hit-u.ac.jp
Fax: +81-42-580-8410

Career

1977                    B.A.(Political Science), the School of Political Science and Economics, Waseda University
1981                    M.Sc. (Social and Economic Aspects of Science and Technology in Industry), Imperial College, the University of London
1986-1989           Research Fellow, the International Motor Vehicle Program, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology
1990                    D.Phil. (Sociology), the University of Oxford
1990                    Post-Doctoral Fellow, INSEAD (the European Institute of Business Administration)
1991                    Assistant Professor of Management, the Wharton School, the University of Pennsylvania
1994                    Associate Professor, the Institute of Business Research, the Faculty of Commerce and Management, Hitotsubashi University
1997-2016        Professor, the Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University
1999-2006            Director, the Japan Academic Society for Ventures and Entrepreneurs
2000-2015            Director, the Japan Academy of International Business Studies
Summer 2001       Academic Visitor, the Judge Institute of Management, the University of Cambridge (Sponsor: Prof. Dame Sandra Dawson, Director)
Summer 2002       Visiting Senior Research Scholar, the School of Public Affairs, the University of Maryland (Sponsor: The Honorable Prof. Jacques Gansler, acting Dean)
Summer 2003       Visiting Senior Research Scholar, the School of Public Affairs, the University of Maryland (Sponsor: The Honorable Prof. Jacques Gansler, acting Dean)
November 2003    Received an official commendation from the Central Contract Office, the Japan Defense Agency for distinguished contributions to defense acquisition reforms and services
Autumn 2004       Visiting Research Scholar, the Center for International Studies, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Sponsor: Prof. Richard Samuels, Director)
Summer 2005       Visiting Research Scholar, the Center for International Studies, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Sponsor: Prof. Richard Samuels, Director)
2007-2012           Director, the Defense Procurement Structure Improvement Foundation
2008-present       Senior Research Fellow, the Policy Research Institute, the Ministry of Finance
2012-2013           Fulbright Visiting Scholar, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Sloan School of Management (Sponsor: Prof. Michael Cusumano)
2016                    Professor Emeritus, Hitotsubashi University
2016-present       Adjunct Professor, Institute of Innovation Research, Hitotsubashi University
Autumn 2016       Academic Visitor, Nissan Institute of Japanese Studies, the University of Oxford

Editorial Review Board Member of:
  Hitotsubashi Business Review (1994-present);
  International Journal of Innovation Management (1997-present);
  Comparative Policy Analysis (2002-present)

Recent Research Themes

Earlier Toshihiro Nishiguchi made important contributions to supplier relations research with his Strategic Industrial Sourcing (Oxford University Press, 1994; two-time winner of the Shingo Prize for Excellence in Manufacturing Research and the Nikkei Prize for Excellent Books in Economic Science both in 1995; also named an Outstanding Academic Book by Choice). In an advisory role in government, he has also made significant contributions to government reforms, including the Prime Minister’s Office, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (formerly, MITI), the Ministry of Defense (formerly, the Japan Defense Agency), and the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. In 2003 the Japan Defense Agency awarded him an official commendation for his outstanding contribution to defense acquisition reform.
Building on his decades of research on outsourcing and networks, his current research focuses on how community networks characterized by both cohesiveness and rewiring capabilities sensitive to customer needs should help boost competitiveness at organizational, inter-corporate and community levels.
Given a growing concern for how networks help mobilize resources more flexibly than traditional hierarchies in today’s turbulent environments and how community capital can be deployed to sustain such resource allocation, his current research endeavor pertains to identifying the underlying determinants of successful institutional arrangements of organization and networking at the three levels of analysis.
First, at the organizational level he examines in some detail the emergent experiments of introducing cross-functional teams to defense systems development in today’s context of defense procurement reforms among allies, importing best practices from the private sector. Bringing the concept of customer development into government service is found to be useful in producing responsive results.
Second, at the inter-corporate level he pulls together rich sources of research on lean production or Toyotism and theorizes its underlying logic as fractal links, in which the minimalist unit of supplier-customer relations permeates through the supply chain across scale on a just-in-time (JIT) basis so that successful problem-solving action may transpire in a self-similar manner without a central control in both normal situations and times of crisis. While the dramatic recovery from the Aisin fire is a case in point (Nishiguchi and Beaudet, 1998, 2000), a new interpretation incorporating the perspective of small-world network theory has been presented (Nishiguchi, 2007).
Third, at the community level his collaborator and he investigate the emerging networking patterns of Chinese entrepreneurs from Wenzhou, Zhejiang province. Wenzhou is frequently dubbed the birthplace of spontaneous capitalism in China, whose striking economic success has been widely recognized, in comparison with their counterparts from several other locales in China. In particular, the researchers examine the extent to which how different types of Wenzhou entrepreneurs are exquisitely networked is related to their phenomenal success, which may explain efficient information transmission (short path length) on the basis of their community cohesiveness (high clustering coefficient). Having conducted and pulling together more than a decade of extensive field research on the topic, a substantial academic volume in Japanese is forthcoming (Nishiguchi and Tsujita 2016). Also on the agenda is preparing a manuscript of a book for the general readership in English that incorporates the essential findings of the aforementioned three research endeavors.


February 2, 2017

Forum 2017.2.16 Charles J. McMillan

Innovation Forum 2017.2.16 Charles J. McMillan


Topic:
“The Planning Strategy of Strategic Planning:
Orientation, Time Constraints, Decisions, Action: Case Studies from Military, Business, and Political Theory”

Speaker:
Charles J. McMillan
(Professor, Schulich School of Business, York University)

Date:
February 16th (Thursday)  2017
from 13:30 ~ 15:00

Place:
 709 room of the 7th floor of the Faculty Building 2

Abstract:
Business journals, business school scholars, and strategic management societies focus on a range of themes, frameworks, and endogenous organizational factors that shape and influence firm strategies. From resource-based theories, dynamic capabilities, entrepreneurial  vision, the research literature is diverse, fractionated, and often devoid of realism of strategy in action, with clever tools of networks, deep learning, time management based on timing, surprise, deception, and deep collaboration. This presentation draws ideas and concepts from military theories, corporate case studies, and political theory.

Organizer:
 Kentaro Nobeoka